AAs the federal government is set to legalize recreational use of marijuana in Canada by July 2018 (medical cannabis use is already accepted to alleviate health problems), many of us may not fully understand the aspects of cannabis legalization, otherwise known as Bill C-45. Here are some facts about it:

Cannabis consumers should be at least 19 years of age

In order to buy, use, or possess marijuana, the law requires the consumer to be aged 19 or over. People selling or providing cannabis to any person under the minimum age will face a maximum penalty of 14 years in jail. To prevent young people from illegally using cannabis, Bill C-45 also prohibits:

  • Making cannabis products appealing to youth
  • Enticing younger people with packaging or labelling
  • Using self-service displays or vending machines to sell cannabis

Violation has a maximum fine of $5 million and/or three years in jail.

Controlled access

The Canadian federal government mandated every province and territory limit public possession to 30 grams of dried cannabis. However, some provinces (like Alberta, Manitoba, and Quebec) allow the consumer to keep more at home. Cannabis consumers can also legally:

  • Share up to 30 grams of marijuana with other adults
  • Buy fresh or dried weed and cannabis oil from a provincially licensed retailer
  • Grow up to four marijuana plants per residence for personal use
  • Produce food or drink mixed with cannabis at home without using solvents.

You may not sell edible cannabis products until 12 months after the implementation of marijuana legalization.

Here are some criminal penalties for violations:

Criminal Penalties


cannabis penalties

Source: Canada.ca

Places you can use marijuana

Recreational cannabis shall be used only in private residences (including outdoor spaces like a patio, balcony, or backyard). If you live in an apartment or condominium, the use of marijuana depends on the lease agreement or building rules. Legally-bought weed becomes illegal when consumed in public places, workplaces, and motorized vehicles. A fine shall be imposed on violators, up to $1000 for the first offence and $5000 for subsequent offences.

Cannabis can be purchased in-person or online

A legally-aged consumer can buy marijuana in-person or online through the Ontario Cannabis Store. The buyer is required to present an ID and a signature verification upon delivery of the product. The bill also states that the product may not be dropped off without someone collecting and signing for the package.

While cannabis has proven benefits, its use is better supervised by licensed medical practitioners. If you’re planning to use cannabis for health purposes, The Clinic Network can help assess your eligibility for medical marijuana treatment and refer you to a licensed producer. Call us at 1-855-462-3646 to learn more about marijuana benefits.